Tuesday, October 19, 2010

CorelDRAW Classic lesson plan: Draw Beer Ad

CorelDRAW is an old article, but the methods and techniques are still worth learning.

Full Figure:

Create documents, Needless to say the it!

To facilitate the future management, modification, we first build the layers, parked in the menu selection window docking window object manager, in the order divided into many layers (which is a good way of learning experience)

Then start all part of the subdivision, and coloring. CorelDRAW 9.0 has a strong color gradient tools - a gradient fill and interactive gradient tool, I love to use interactive gradient tool, gradient made of natural, delicate, colorful, gradient angle, shape, easy to modify. We look at beer bottles in the process.

Ministry of individuals like the dark to light from the Department of Painting, so convenient control of the color. Dark part of the beer bottle into two parts, one for the shadow color, another ice surface for the reflective reflective color.

Department of selection to maintain the dark state, the tool bar and select interactive gradient tool, move the pointer shadow, when the pointer into a symbol by holding down the left mouse button to drag and release the Department of reflection, you can create two objects gradient effect.

Select the gradient object, and to the status bar to the level of the gradient between the number and the gradual shift in the shape of the value to 40, the other settings unchanged. Figure -9. Then you will find that the object becomes smooth gradient. But be careful not to over-the pursuit of smooth, because the higher gradient value the more memory for. Such as gradients, shapes are not satisfied, you can also modify the reflection and shadow Ministry to adjust the shape until satisfied. While the shape of the node should be as concise as possible.

Shadow the same way then the transition to natural color, the number of gradient level is set to 40.

Then press the same way natural light color to the Department of transition, due to gradual area increase, we level the gradient value is set to 80, so gradual delicate, smooth.

Full color CMYK four-color coloring used for later output, printing. Reflective Department, shadow, natural color, bright color to set the specific department.

Layer bottom half of beer opened, the color set to Figure

Beer is the glass, must be added the mapping of light, it feels real. Open the map layer, the structure according to the bottle shape of light drawing the map

Toolbar coloring coloring color tools, color settings shown in Figure

More transparent optical mapping, in the tool bar select the interactive transparency tool for transparency settings. Transparency 50, the type of transparency standards, other settings unchanged. This basic drawing on a good bottle of beer.

According to the beer bottle outline standard posts, signs, painting the name of good beer. The company, the English win, the beer outline copy of a standard quote, scaled down, to adjust its position, select the English text, the text menu, select the text fill in the path, mouse over the path line, when standard into the arrow-shaped mouse, click the path line, the text will be arranged in the path line, which will adjust the path line can be deleted. Chinese characters arranged in the same way good.

Beer is good control of color standard quote for the transition and location of position with the Department of beer bottles line the dark, still use the interactive gradient method, steps, please refer to the bottle of painting

The bottle top, bottle bottom, shadow, click the identity mapping layer to turn it off. Open the cap layer, starting with bottle of beer. Handled relatively simple bottle, fill with gradient style fill the main. We see wireframe map, how to draw coloring set Bian Zhi.

In order to enrich the screen, reflected the cold, and we join him in a number of water droplets of beer bottles, flying fast and broken ice ice, because of space limitations do not write in detail. Steps, please refer to the bottle of painting.

According to the structure of beer bottles, adjust all the water droplets, the overall results shown in Figure

Finally add ice cubes, ice and deep water. Ice, the ice hard, angular, handling as simple as possible, an abstract, fill with gradient fills

Open all the layers, make final adjustments. Good! You're done!

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Monday, October 11, 2010

Solaris9 (sparc) set up NIS environment

Hardware Environment: 2 sets U 10: lion, dove

Software environment:

Operating System: solaris9

Master server: lion (

Client server: dove (

This environment not configured NIS slave server

Configuration of specific steps are as follows:

First, configure the NIS master server


Confirmed lion Machine / etc / hosts file has all the NIS server and client (in this case, lion, dove the two machines) configuration:

lion: /] 4 # cat etc / hosts


# Internet host table

# localhost lion loghost dove

Note: dove is added to the hosts inside.

2. Configuration Makefile file, define NIS domain name, create the corresponding ASCII source file, the definition of time zone timezone

# Domainname nisdomain

# Domainname> / etc / defaultdomain

# Cd / etc; touch ethers bootparams netgroup

# Cat / etc / timezone

GMT +08:00 nisdomain


Edit / etc / auto_master file, comment out this line to + auto_master

4. Edit / etc / auto_home file, comment out the + auto_home this line, and to join NIS server automatically mount the user home directory configuration

# Cat / etc / auto_home

# + Auto_home

* Lion: / export / home / &

5. Configuring NIS server, so that / export / home directory as a shared resource

# Cat / etc/dfs/dfstab----------------------------------- settings share resources

share-d "home dirs" / export / home

6. Check the NFS server process is running mountd and nfsd

Solaris 9 # pgrep-xl mountd

Solaris 9 # pgrep-xl nfsd

Solaris10 # svcs-a | grep nfs | egrep-e "server | client"

online 14:18:27

svc: / network / nfs / client: default

online 14:18:28 svc: / network / nfs / server: default

If the NFS server is not running on the open it:

Solaris 9 # / etc / init.d / nfs.server start

Solaris10 # svcadm

enable nfs / server


Shared set of shared resources have been

# Shareall

8. Create a user account usera, userb, userc, set the user home directory in / export / home directory, and set the password

# Useradd-d / export / home / usera-m usera

# Useradd-d / export / home / userb-m userb

# Useradd-d / export / home / userc-m userc

# Passwd usera

# Passwd userb

# Passwd userc

# Grep user / etc/passwd----------------- modify / etc / passwd, change in the user home directory / home directory, as follows

usera: x: 100:1:: / home / usera: / bin / sh

userb: x: 101:1:: / home / userb: / bin / sh

userc: x: 102:1:: / home / userc: / bin / sh

9. Copy file template switching NIS

# Cd / etc; cp nsswitch.conf nsswitch.bak; cp nsswitch.nis nsswitch.conf

10. Set a NIS master server lion (ypinit-m)

# Ypinit-m

Here the output omitted ...>

next host to add: lion ----------------- master server

next host to add: ****----------------- secondary server (in this environment not configured NIS slave server)

next host to

add: ^ D ------------------------ Press CTRL + D key combination to stop the importation server list

Here the output omitted ...>

Is this correct? [Y / n: y] y

Here the output omitted ...>

Do you want this procedure to quit on non-fatal errors? [Y / n: n] n

Here the output omitted ...>

Building / var / yp / nisdomain / ypservers ...

Running / var / yp / Makefile ...

Output omitted here, if you can see the normal production of the map information display NIS ...>

lion has been set up as a yp master server without any errors .------- information indicates that the success of a master server

If there are running slave yp servers, run yppush now for any data bases

which have been changed. If there are no running slaves, run ypinit


those hosts which are to be slave servers.

11. Sure NIS server daemon has started, if not start with the following command starts

Solaris 9 # / usr / lib / netsvc / yp / ypstart

Solaris 10 # svcadm enable nis / server

12. To determine the system is the NIS master server

# Ypwhich-m

audit_user lion

user_attr lion

Output omitted ...>

The contents of the output shows the NIS domain to provide the name of each map, and control of these maps the name of master server

Second, configure the NIS client

1. Sure clusterc Machine / etc / hosts file has all the NIS server (in this case, lion, dove) configuration

2. Configuring NIS Domain

# Domainname nisdomain

# Domainname> / etc / defaultdomain

3. Configuration dove machine as NIS client (ypinit-c)

# Ypinit-c

next host to add: lion

next host to add: backup bin conf config data eshow_sitemap.html generate.sh log maint sitemap.html svn tmp (this environment is not configured NIS slave server)

next host to add: ^ D

Is this correct? [Y / n: y] y

4. Copy the NIS name of the switch file template

# Cd / etc; cp nsswitch.conf nsswitch.bak; cp nsswitch.nis nsswitch.conf

5. Start NIS client process

Solaris 9 # / usr / lib / netsvc / yp / ypstart

starting NIS (YP server) services: ypserv ypbind done.

Solaris10 # svcadm enable nis / client

6. To determine the machine ready to use NIS

# Ypwhich-m

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